Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LEJ) was formed in 1996 after splitting from Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan and adopting a more violent approach in their fight to establish a Sunni Muslim state. The original targets of the group were the rival Shia minority in Pakistan and Iranians across the border. While most of the group's efforts seemed to be directed at Shia targets, LEJ was also involved in attacks against western targets, including possible involvement in the kidnapping and killing of US journalist Daniel Pearl in 2002.
There have been reports suggesting some links between LEJ and Al-Qaeda over the years. Since 2002, like most Pakistani groups, the LEJ had to deal with some counter terrorism activity by the Pakistani authorities, who arrested activists and froze the group's assets.
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