The JEM is based in Pakistan and was formed by Masood Azhar following his release from prison in India in 2000. Most of its activists and resources came from extremist groups Harakat ul-Jihad al-Islami (HUJI) and Harakat ul-Mujahedin (HUM). JEM aims to unite Kashmir with Pakistan, and has been involved in numerous terror incidents against Indian targets, including an attack (December 2001) on the Indian Parliament which killed 9 people. The group was also involved in the abduction/murder of US journalist Daniel Pearl in 2002.
There have been reports suggesting the JEM had some links to Al-Qaeda figures, as well as the Taliban. The JEM has also been known to have cooperated with other Pakistani terror groups, such as Lashkar-e-Tayiba (LET). In the last few years, the group had to deal with some counter terrorism activity by the Pakistani authorities, who arrested several senior JEM figures and froze the group's assets in 2002.
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