The HUM was formed in 1985 by a faction of Harkat-ul Jihad al-Islami (HUJI), a terror group established several years earlier. In 1993, both groups merged into one operating in Kashmir under the name Harakat ul-Ansar (HUA), attacking Indian troops and civilian targets. The merger didn't last long though, and the HUM resumed its activities under that name once again. It was responsible for a number of kidnappings of western tourists, and the hijacking (December 1999) of an Indian plane in order to negotiate the release of Masood Azhar, an imprisoned senior figure in of HUA who later established the Jaish-e-Mohammed (JEM), and Ahmed Omar Sheik, who was later convicted of the abduction/murder of US journalist Daniel Pearl in 2002.
The group lost some of its members and resources when Masood Azhar formed the Jaish-e-Mohammed (JEM) following his release in 2000. While these loses clearly affected its operational capabilities, it is worth mentioning that HUM activists have trained in Afghanistan and Pakistan, and some of them are veterans of the Afghan war, therefore still posing a threat to both local and western targets in the area.
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